Regulasi Teknis dan Persyaratan Mutu

Ekspor Minyak Nabati & Hewani ke Iran

  • Berikut ini informasi persyaratan mutu dan regulasi teknis terkait produk yang akan diekspor ke Iran.

1. Kode HS.

Kode HS untuk minyak nabati dan hewani (edible oils)  termasuk pada Bab 15 Animal, vegetable or microbial fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes.

Kode HS ini berlaku untuk seluruh anggota World Customs Organization atau sebagai referensi yang dipergunakan pada perdagangan internasional.

2. Undang-Undang.

2.1 Undang-undang Peraturan Ekspor-Impor

Export-Import Regulations Act.

Undang-undang mengenai ekspor dan impor barang termasuk jasa pengiriman terkait eksportir dan importir. Barang yang dapat diekspor dan diimpor diklasifikasikan ke dalam tiga kategori berikut:

  • Barang yang diizinkan: dengan memperhatikan kriteria yang relevan, ekspor atau impor barang tersebut tidak memerlukan lisensi.
  • Barang bersyarat: ekspor atau impor barang-barang ini dimungkinkan dengan memperoleh lisensi
  • Barang-barang terlarang: ekspor atau impor barang-barang ini (pembelian, penjualan atau konsumsi) dilarang di bawah syariat Islam dan atau oleh hukum.

Undang-undang ini antara lain mengatur:

  • Importir, baik pemerintah maupun bukan, harus merujuk secara eksklusif ke Kementerian Perdagangan, untuk mendapat izin (lisensi) impor dan pendaftaran impor (pesanan).
  • Semua produk impor tunduk pada pendaftaran pesanan dan perizinan impor dari Kementerian Perdagangan, dengan memperhatikan ketentuan lain yang relevan.
  • Izin impor juga berlaku sebagai clearence dan tidak dipersyaratkan perizinan lainnya.
  • Dalam kasus di mana standar produk wajib telah ditetapkan untuk impor dan diumumkan melalui Kementerian Perdagangan, serta dalam kasus standar lainnya, importir harus diminta untuk menegaskannya dalam kontrak pembelian dan kertas pendaftaran impor, dan untuk menginstruksikan pemasok untuk memastikan bahwa barang yang dikirim sesuai dengan standar yang ditentukan.

Informasi selengkapnya dapat dilihat disini.

2.2 Undang-undang tentang Bahan Makanan, Minuman, Kosmetik, dan produk higienis.

Kepabeanan bahan makanan, kosmetik dan bahan sanitasi memerlukan izin impor yang dikeluarkan oleh Departemen Kesehatan dan Pendidikan Kedokteran. Memperoleh lisensi ini harus menunjukkan keamanan bahan atau produk terkait serta kepatuhan terhadap standar wajib yang terkait oleh importir dan penerbitan lisensi tunduk pada pendaftaran produsen dan produk di Kementerian.

3. Regulasi.

Minyak Nabati dan hewani termasuk dalam kelompok bahan makanan, oleh karena itu termasuk dalam regulasi bahwa produk makanan, produk higienis dan kosmetik yang diimpor untuk tujuan komersial atau promosi memerlukan lisensi impor dari Departemen Kesehatan, Pengobatan dan Pendidikan Kedokteran (Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education) untuk proses clearance. Untuk memperoleh lisensi tersebut, importir wajib menyerahkan produk kepada Kementerian Kesehatan dan mengidentifikasi zat yang ditambahkan pada produk untuk pengawetannya.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) dari Departemen Kesehatan yang bertanggung jawab untuk pengendalian dan pengawasan produksi, penerbitan sertifikat kesehatan untuk makanan, minuman, kosmetik dan higienis pada produksi lokal dan impor. Formulir aplikasi untuk tinjauan teknis & higienis dapat diakses disini.

Selain itu, untuk produk makanan dan minuman perlu adanya sertifikat halal dari badan standar Iran (INSO) yang merujuk pada standar ISIRI 12000, Halal Food - General Guidelines.

3.1 Label

Berdasarkan market entry handbook Iran, label untuk produk makanan dan minuman harus ditulis dalam bahasa Persia. Ada sejumlah persyaratan pelabelan untuk bahan makanan di Iran yang harus diikuti, rincian yang diperlukan tercantum adalah:

  • Nama produk dan merek/merek dagang - Bahan dan aditif (diurutkan berdasarkan kepentingannya).
  • Berat bersih (satuan metrik) - Informasi gizi.
  • Asal dan nama lemak atau minyak, jika ada – Negara asal.
  • Nama dan alamat produsen - Tanggal produksi dan kedaluwarsa pada label asli kemasan dan wadah, tidak ada stiker tambahan yang diperbolehkan.
  • Petunjuk penyimpanan, transportasi dan persiapan khusus, jika ada - Daging dan produk daging harus mencantumkan indikasi bahwa telah diproduksi sesuai dengan aturan Islam.

Selain itu, sejak awal tahun 2016, pelabelan lampu lalu lintas gizi (nutritional traffic light) pada kemasan makanan adalah wajib untuk semua makanan baik impor maupun domestik, kecuali untuk produk yang tidak diproses atau diformulasikan secara kimia, seperti sayuran, rempah-rempah, cuka, jus lemon, teh, infus, kopi, madu, kurma, tepung dan barberry.

Nama produk dan ukuran porsi

Energi

Gula

Lemak

Garam

Asam Lemak Trans

Sistem lampu lalu lintas nutrisi dirancang dengan menggunakan tiga warna yaitu hijau, oranye dan merah. Masing-masing menunjukkan bahan tingkat rendah, sedang dan tinggi. Perhitungan jumlah dan penetapan warna untuk setiap makanan didasarkan pada jumlah per 100 g makanan padat, 100 mL makanan cair atau ukuran porsi.

Sumber : artikel penelitian berikut ini.

3.2 Pengemasan.

Beberapa hal yang perlu diperhatikan untuk pengemasan produk (makanan dan pertanian) sebagai berikut:

  • Semua paket harus menunjukkan berat kotor dalam kilogram atau metrik ton
  • Secara umum, semua “marks” pada consiment harus menyertakan informasi penerima dan pelabuhan. Tanda dapat terbaca jelas untuk mempermudah saat kedatangan condigenment(pengiriman).
  • Semua barang yang dikirim ke Iran harus dikemas secara memadai untuk melindungi dari penanganan yang kasar, panas yang ekstrem, dan pencurian. Wadah perlu kedap air.

Sumber: General Requirements and Standards for Food and Agriculural imports to Iran.

3.3 Sertifikat Inspeksi.

Berdasarkan List of Goods with technical specifications and special conditions, produk minyak nabati atau hewani (edible oils) yang diimpor harus melampirkan COI (Certificate of Inspection) dari negara asal untuk uji antioksidan. Sedangkan untuk impor minyak zaitun hanya diperbolehkan jika memenuhi standar nasional Iran no. 1446.

3.4 Kandungan Lemak.

Menurut artikel “National food policies in the Islamic Republic of Iran” persentase maksimum yang diizinkan lemak trans dan lemak jenuh pada minyak nabati (edible oils) ditetapkan masing-masing sebesar 2–5% dan 30–65%. Berikut daftar beberapa persentase lemak trans dan lemak jenuh yang diizinkan dalam produk minyak:

Produk Lemak Trans (%) Lemak Jenuh (%)
Penggunaan rumah tangga
Minyak goreng 2 30
Minyak semipadat 2 30
Margarin meja 2 48
Olesan margarin 2 35
Minarine 2 60
Penggunaan industri Minyak goreng
Minyak goreng 2 45
Minarine 2 60
Shortening 5 65

4. Standar.

Selengkapnya dapat di cek di laman ISIRI atau di laman eurolab.

Standar spesifikasi dan persyaratan

BITT 42 liquid vegetable oil
ISIRI 10086 Crude sunflower oil – Specifications
ISIRI 10207 Peppermint oil - Properties
ISIRI 10208 General regulation of powdered skimmed milk and vegetable oil mixture
ISIRI 10209 general rules for blending sweetened condensed skim milk and vegetable oil
ISIRI 10210 General arrangement of evaporated skim milk and vegetable oil mixture
ISIRI 1184 Edible soybean oil
ISIRI 1254 Edible fats and oils Properties of butter oil (Amendment No. 1)
ISIRI 1300 Specifications for edible sunflower oil
ISIRI 144 Hydrogenated vegetable oils
ISIRI 1446 Specifications for different types of edible olive oil
ISIRI 1752 Edible sesame oil
ISIRI 2392 Edible fats and oils -Soyabean oil -Specification(Amendment No.1)
ISIRI 264 sunflower seeds for oil extraction
ISIRI 278 SPECIFICATION OF COTTON SEED OIL CAKE AS ANIMAL FEED
ISIRI 3754 Peppermint oil specification (mentha spicata linnaeus)
ISIRI 4467 Characteristics of crude, neutralized and refined edible palm oil (Amendment No. 1)
ISIRI 4730 Laundry soaps based on vegetable oils, fats and fatty acids - specifications
ISIRI 493 Edible fats and oils – Sampling
ISIRI 4935 Edible low erucic acid rapeseed oil (Amendment No. 1)
ISIRI 6657 Edible fats and oils – Rice bran oil – Properties
ISIRI 6658 Edible fats and oils – Rice bran oil – Properties
ISIRI 7412 Flavor Panel Evaluation of Vegetable Oils
ISIRI 7684 Natural essential oil - Clove buds - Specification
ISIRI 7688 Cardamom oil[Elettaria cardamom (L.) Maton
ISIRI 7689 Natural essential oil - Clove leaves - Specification
ISIRI 7690 Natural essential oil - Clove stems - Specification
ISIRI 804 specification for peanut oil meal as livestock and poultry feed
ISIRI 8052 Cumin oil - Specification
ISIRI 8053 Cumin oil - Specification
ISIRI 8459 Bay oil [Pimenta racemosa ( Mill.) JWMoore] Specification
ISIRI 8460 Rosemary oil (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) - Properties
ISIRI 8632 Animal and vegetable oils and fats – Crude cottonseed oil – Specification
ISIRI 8633 Animal and vegetable oils and fats – Crudearachis oil (peanut oil)‐ Specification
ISIRI 8645 Edible fasts and oils - Storage and transport in bulk - Code of practice
ISIRI 8920 Grape seed oil - Specification
ISIRI 8922 Oilseeds, vegetable oils and fats

Standar Pengujian Minyak Nabati dan Hewani.

ISIRI 10216 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of the composition of fatty acids at 2 positions of triglyceride molecules Test method
ISIRI 10494 Animal and vegetable fats and oils 2 Determination of direct method of thiobarbituric acid value
ISIRI 10495 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Titer determination
ISIRI 10501 Determination of Saponification value of animal and vegetable fats and oils – Test method
ISIRI 10503 Olive Oil - Determination of specific extinction ultraviolet Absorption method
ISIRI 10682 HPLC Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by HPLC
ISIRI 10741-1 Determination of phosphorus content in animal and vegetable fats and oils
ISIRI 11487-1 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of fat content by pulsed NMR – Part 1: Direct method IC
ISIRI 11487-2 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of fat content by pulsed NMR – Part 2: Indirect method
ISIRI 11821 Olive oil - The global method for the detection of foreign oils in olive oils
ISIRI 11842 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of degradation of bleachability index (DOBI)
ISIRI 1255 Oil and Cooking Oils - Determination of the fat content of butter oil
ISIRI 1256 Determination of water content of butter oil by Karl Fischer method
ISIRI 1447 Edible fats and oils - Corn oil - Specification and Test methods
ISIRI 156-1 Edible fats and oils - Baked shortening - Specification and test methods(Amendment No.1)
ISIRI 1723 Vegetable oils and oils - Cottonseed oil - Specification and test methods
ISIRI 2010 Vegetable fats and oils - safflower oil - specification and test methods
ISIRI 321 Oilseed residues - Determination of moisture and volatile matter content - Test method
ISIRI 3226 Testing of fats and oils from natural sources
ISIRI 3255 Animal and vegetable fats and oils ‐ Detection and identification of antioxidants ‐ Thin layer chromatographic method
ISIRI 331 OIL SEED RESIDUES - SAMPLING
ISIRI 332 DETERMINATION OF TOTAL ASH OF OIL SEED RESIDUES
ISIRI 3734 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of oxidative stability (accelerated oxidation
ISIRI 4087 Determination of polar compound content of animal and vegetable fats and oils
ISIRI 4088 Animal and vegetable oils - determination of the coater Iron and nickel content - graphite furnace atomic Absorption method
ISIRI 4089 ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS AND OILS - DETERMINATION OF LEAD CONTENT - GRAPHITE FURNACE ATOMIC INQUIRY METHOD
ISIRI 4090 Oil preparations of animal and vegetable oils and methyl esters of fatty acids
ISIRI 4091 ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS AND OILS- ANALYSIS OF METHYL ESTERS OF FATTORY ACIDS BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY
ISIRI 4092 Animal and vegetable fats and oils dilatation determination
ISIRI 4093 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of anisidine value Test method
ISIRI 4094 ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS AND OILS DETERMINATION OF THE RESIDENTIAL TECHNICAL HEXANE CONTENT
ISIRI 4095 ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS AND OILS - DETERMINATION OF THE CONTENT OF NON-SOLVENT ADDITIVES
ISIRI 4096 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of ultraviolet absorbance
ISIRI 4097 ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS AND OILS - NON SAPONIFIVE SUBSTANCE FAST METHOD DETECTION WITH MINOR HEXANES
ISIRI 4177 KARL FISCHER'S METHOD OF MOISTURE DETERMINATION IN FOOD AND OILS
ISIRI 4178 Acid value and determination of acidity in edible oils and fats
ISIRI 4179 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of peroxide value - Determination of iodometric (visual) endpoint
ISIRI 4291 Determination of moisture and volatile matter content in edible oils and fats-hot plate, air oven method
ISIRI 4886 Determination of iodine value by Hanus method in animal and vegetable fats and oils
ISIRI 4887 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of melting point (shear point) in an open capillary tube
ISIRI 4888 Determination of iodine value in animal and vegetable fats and oils by wijs method
ISIRI 5107 Animal and vegetable fats and oils‐ Melting point - Capillary Tube Method
ISIRI 5108 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of refractive index
ISIRI 5109 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of Sulfur Content in Canola/Rapeseed Oil
ISIRI 5110 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of Lovibond color
ISIRI 5111 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - melting point - wiley methods
ISIRI 5183 Method for determination of glucosinolate content of oilseed residues using high performance liquid chromatography
ISIRI 5255 Determination of animal and vegetable fats and oils for butyl hydroxy anisole (BHA) and butyl hydroxy toluene (BHT)
ISIRI 5256 Determination of standard hydrocarbons in animal and vegetable fats and oils
ISIRI 5260 Animal and obtainable fats and oils - CIS - CIS 1, 4 polyunsaturated fatty acid determination by diene structure
ISIRI 5262 Animal and vegetable fats and oils – Determination of Ash
ISIRI 5948 Edible Fats and Oils - Determination of Gallate Content∙Molecular Absorption Spectrophotometric
ISIRI 5952 Edible fats and oils∙ Determination of chlorophyll pigments in crude oil
ISIRI 6074 Animal and vegetable oils and oil-smoke flash and fire points-test method
ISIRI 6075 Animal and vegetable oils and oil-cold test method
ISIRI 6076 Method for Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric Determination of Arsenic
ISIRI 6077 Animal and vegetable oils and fat-specific weight test method
ISIRI 6078 Animal and vegetable oils and oil-viscosity-test method
ISIRI 6079 Animal and vegetable oils and oils-phosphorus-test method
ISIRI 6080 Animal and vegetable oils and oil-curly test method
ISIRI 6081 Animal and vegetable oils and fat composition of the strol fraction
ISIRI 6108 Edible fats and oils Determination of Erucic acid
ISIRI 6415 Edible fats and oils - Determination of benzo(a)pyrene content - Reversed phase high performance chromatography method - Test method
ISIRI 6655 Edible fats and oils – Pure peanut oil – Specifications and test methods
ISIRI 6686 Edible fats and oils - Determination of carotene - Specification
ISIRI 693 Edible oils and fats - Determination of the moisture content of butter
ISIRI 6953 Edible fats and oils - Determination of propyl gallate - Collimetric method - Test method
ISIRI 7043 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Halfen - Test method
ISIRI 7044 Animal and Vegetable Fats and Oils -Belier index and Renard test of peanut oil -Test methods
ISIRI 7211 Edible fats and oils-Determination of tocopherol and tocotrienol content using high-performance liquid
ISIRI 7309 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of 1-monoglycerides and free glycerol content - Test method
ISIRI 7410 Edible fats and oils – Determination of alkalinity – Test method
ISIRI 7411 Edible fats and oils – Determination of sediment in crude fats and oils – Centrifugation method
ISIRI 7413 Edible fats and oils - Determination of sesame oil with modified villavecchia‐ Test method
ISIRI 7414 Edible fats and oils - Determination of visible feet in crude fats and oils - Test method
ISIRI 7512 Animal and vegetable fats and oils – Deeping oil – Specification and test methods
ISIRI 7513 Animal and vegetable fats and oils – Margarine – Test methods
ISIRI 7592 Oilseeds - Sampling
ISIRI 7593 Oil seeds – Determination of oil content – ​​Test method (Reference method)
ISIRI 7661 Essential oils - Coconut oil, Indonesian type - Specification and test methods
ISIRI 8034 Oil seeds - Determination of moisture and volatile matter content - Test method
ISIRI 8617 Oil seeds - Determination of acidity of oils - Test method
ISIRI 8921 Olive oil – Determination of hot oil – Fitelson method
ISIRI 9360 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of polymerized triglyceride content by high performance size exclusion chromatography HPSEC
ISIRI 9404-1 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of stigmastadienes in vegetable oils - Part 1: Method using capillary-column gas chromatography (Reference method
ISIRI 9404-2 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of stigmastadienes in vegetable oils - Part 2: Method using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
ISIRI 9438 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of the content of trans fatty acid isomers of vegetable fats and oils - Use of gas chromatographic method - Test method
ISIRI 9464-2 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of the content of trans fatty acid isomers of vegetable fats and oils - Use of gas chromatographic method - Test method
ISIRI 9511 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of isolated trans isomers Infrared spectrometry method
ISIRI 9652 Specifications and criteria for thermal and electrical energy consumption for the vegetable oil industries, vegetable oil refining and oil cracking
ISIRI 9670 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of individual and total stroke contents by chromatography Test method
ISIRI 9672 Animal and vegetable fats and oils Determination of polyethylene type polymers - Test method
ISIRI 9709 Animal and vegetable fats and oils - High performance size exclusion chromatography HPSEC determination of monoacylglycerols, diacylglycerols, triacylglycerols and glycerol - Test method
ISIRI 9710 Olive oil -Determination of sterene content in refined vegetable oils -Test method
ISIRI 9711 Olive Oil - Determination of aliphatic alcohol content by capillary column gas chromatography Test method
SIRI 9707 Olive Oil - Determination of wax content by capillary column gas chromatography Test method

5. Lembaga Berwenang.

Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade
Tel                  : 81771
Postal code : 1599691379
Email             : info@mimt.gov.ir
Web              : en.mimt.gov.ir  (versi Bahasa Inggris)
 
Iran National Standards Organization (INSO)
INSO sebelumnya bernama ISIRI (Iranian Standards and Industrial Research Institute)
Tel: +98 26 3280 7045
Fax: +98 26 3281 8787
Email: standard@ isiri.gov.ir
Web: isiri.gov.ir (versi Bahasa Farsi)
                       en.isiri.gov.ir (versi Bahasa Inggris)
 
Ministry of Health and Medical Education
Web: www.behdasht.gov.ir   (versi Bahasa Farsi)
 
Iran Food and Drug Administration (IFDA)
Web : https://www.fda.gov.ir/en (versi Bahasa Inggris)

6. Informasi Lainnya.

Minyak Nabati & Hewani
  • 1. Kode HS.
  • 2. Undang-Undang.
  • 2.1 Undang-undang Peraturan Ekspor-Impor
  • 2.2 Undang-undang tentang Bahan Makanan, Minuman, Kosmetik, dan produk higienis.
  • 3. Regulasi.
  • 3.1 Label
  • 3.2 Pengemasan.
  • 3.3 Sertifikat Inspeksi.
  • 3.4 Kandungan Lemak.
  • 4. Standar.
  • 5. Lembaga Berwenang.
  • 6. Informasi Lainnya.

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