Persyaratan Mutu Elektronik Afrika Selatan   

Regulasi

  • Regulator Nasional untuk Undang-undang Spesifikasi Wajib di Afrika Selatan , 2008: Tindakan ini mengacu pada standar produk dan persyaratan administrasi dalam dokumen VC yang berkaitan dengan produk listrik. Dikelola oleh NRCS, melapor ke Departemen Perdagangan dan Industri.
  • Peraturan Instalasi Listrik Afrika Selatan, 2009: Peraturan ini berada dalam tahanan DoL dan menetapkan peraturan yang berlaku untuk instalasi domestik, komersial, dan industri. Semua komponen yang digunakan di dalamnya harus mematuhi Kode Praktek untuk Pengkabelan Tempat, SANS 10142-1, yang juga mencakup proses persetujuan instalasi untuk penerbitan CoC untuk instalasi baru dan yang ada. 
  • Undang-Undang Perlindungan Konsumen Afrika Selatan, 2008: Ini berkaitan dengan produk dan negara konsumen, di bawah Bagian 55 (d), mengenai hak-hak konsumen atas barang-barang yang aman dan berkualitas, bahwa “… setiap konsumen memiliki hak untuk menerima barang yang… mematuhi standar apa pun yang berlaku yang diatur dalam Undang-Undang Standar, 1993 (UU No. 29 tahun 1993), atau peraturan publik lainnya ”.
  • Otoritas Komunikasi Independen Afrika Selatan (ICASA): Interferensi elektromagnetik (EMI) dan kompatibilitas elektromagnetik (EMC) berlaku untuk sejumlah produk listrik seperti produk pencahayaan tertentu dan sakelar elektronik, dimmer, dan sensor. https://www.ee.co.za/article/guide-regulation-electrical-products-sa.html

Peraturan impor Afrika Selatan mengharuskan pengujian EMC (kompatibilitas elektromagnetik) untuk sebagian besar produk elektronik. 

Semua produk listrik non-telekomunikasi yang komponennya dapat menghasilkan interferensi elektromagnetik tunduk pada sertifikasi wajib. Produk listrik yang dapat di produksi:
  • Peralatan Teknologi Informasi (ITE)
  • Perangkat rumah tangga, peralatan listrik, dan perangkat serupa
  • Penerima suara dan TV bersama dengan peralatan yang menyertainya (terestrial dan / atau satelit)
  • Penerangan listrik dan perangkat serupa
  • Peralatan industri, ilmiah dan medis (ISM) non-telekomunikasi
  • Sistem catu daya tanpa gangguan (UPS)
  • Kendaraan, perahu dan mesin pembakaran
  • Sistem alarm kebakaran dan pencuri dan sistem alarm publik
  • Sakelar dan gearbox bertegangan rendah
  • Catu daya tegangan rendah (output DC)
  • Perangkat listrik untuk pengukuran, kontrol, dan laboratorium
  • Sistem penggerak listrik

Spesifikasi Wajib

  • VC 8003 18-Sep-15 Compulsory specification for manually operated switches for fixed installations
  • VC 8006 19-Nov-10 Compulsory specification for safety of flexible cords for electrical appliances
  • VC 8008 19-Nov-10 Compulsory specification for plugs, socket-outlets and socket-outlet adaptors
  • VC 8011 31-Mar-17 Compulsory specification for lamp holders, Sup8011 26-Oct-18 Supplement to VC8011
  • VC 8012 19-Nov-10 Compulsory specification for appliance couplers
  • VC 8029 03-Feb-12 Compulsory specification for cord sets and cord extension sets
  • VC 8035 16-Oct-87 Compulsory specification for earth leakage protection units
  • VC 8036 23-Oct-15 Compulsory specification for circuit-breakers
  • VC 8039 19-Nov-10 Compulsory specification for the safety of starters for tubular fluorescent lamps
  • VC 8043  07-Feb-14 Compulsory specification for incandescent lamps
  • VC 8052 19-Nov-10 Compulsory specification for manually operated switches for appliances
  • VC 8055 06-Feb-09 Compulsory specification for electrical and electronic apparatus, Sup8055 31-Oct-14 Supplement to VC8055
  • VC 8075 18-Aug-17 Compulsory specification for the safety of electric cables with extruded solid dielectric insulation for fixed installations (300/500 V to 1 900/3 300 V)
  • VC 8077 31-Mar-17 Compulsory specification for safety of medium-voltage electric cables
  • VC 8079  10-Oct-03 Compulsory specification for the control of gaming devices and related apparatus
  • VC 9006 16-May-14 Compulsory specification for hot water storage tanks, Sup9006 12-Aug-16 Supplement to VC9006
  • VC 9008 28-Nov-14 Energy efficiency and labelling of electrical and electronic apparatus, Sup9008 13-Aug-15 Supplement to VC9008
  • VC 9091 23-May-14 Compulsory specification for single-capped fluorescent lamps 
  • VC 9087 06-Feb-09 Compulsory specification for the lamp control gear, Sup9087  11-Jul-08 Supplement for Compulsory specification for the lamp control gear
  • VC 9105 30-Sep-16 Compulsory specification for electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery
Instruksi Tegangan Rendah
  • Instruksi Tegangan Rendah 2006/95 / EC
  • Peraturan Peralatan Listrik (Keselamatan) 1994 (SI 1994/3260)
  • Peraturan Colokan dan Soket (Keselamatan) 1994 (SI 1994 No. 1768)
  • Catatan Panduan DTI tentang Peralatan Listrik, Peraturan Inggris (ref. URN 07/616)
https://www.bsigroup.com/en-ZA/Our-services/Product-certification/ce-mark/EU-Instructions/Low-Voltage-Instruction/
 

Standar Keamanan Produk

SABS (South African Bureau of Standards) menyediakan serangkaian standar yang mencakup tuntutan industri Keselamatan & Keamanan, mulai dari sistem manajemen mutu hingga metode pengujian bahan atau suku cadang tertentu. Ini akan membantu organisasi Anda untuk meningkatkan kepuasan pelanggan, memenuhi persyaratan peraturan, keselamatan dan keandalan, dan memastikan konsistensi kualitas di seluruh rantai pasokan. List standar mutu bisa dilihat di link : https://www.sabs.co.za/Sectors-and-Services/Sectors/Safety/safety_sp.asp

Pedoman Produk Alat Elektronik di Afrika Selatan

No
Classification of equipment
Emission Standard
Immunity Standard
1
Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) equipment,  excluding telecommunications equipment operating in the ISM bands mandated by ITU-R
SANS 211 (CISPR 11)
SANS 224 (CISPR 24)
2
Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engine driven devices
SANS 212
(CISPR 12)
None
3
Sound and television broadcast receivers and  associated equipment, terrestrial and/or satellite
SANS 213 / SANS 2332
(CISPR 13) / (CISPR 32)
SANS 2200 / SANS 2335
(CISPR 20) / (CISPR 35)
4
Household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus
SANS 214-1
(CISPR 14-1)
SANS 14-2
(CISPR 14-2)
5
Electrical lighting and similar equipment
SANS 215
(CISPR 15)
SANS 61547
(IEC 61547)
6
Information Technology Equipment (ITE)
SANS 222 / SANS 2332
(CISPR22) / (CISPR 32)
SANS 224 / SANS 2335
(CISPR 24) / (CISPR 35)
7
Alarm systems --fire, intruder and social alarm systems
SANS 222
(CISPR 22)
EN 50130-4
8
Alternating-current watt-hour meters Class 0,5, 1 and 2
SANS 222
(CISPR 22)
(Contained in
SABS 1524)
SANS 224
(CISPR 24)
9
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear  assemblies - Part 1: Type-tested and partially type-tested assemblies
SANS 60439-1
(IEC 60439-1)
SANS 60439-2
(IEC 60439-2)
10
Low voltage power supplies, d.c. output
SANS 61204-3
(IEC 61204-3)
SANS 61204-3
(IEC 61204-3)
11
Electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use
SANS 61326
(IEC 61326)
SANS 61326
(IEC 61326)
12
Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems
SANS 61800-3
(IEC 61800-3)
SANS 61800-3
(IEC 61800-3)
13
Uninterruptible power systems (UPS)
SANS 62040-2
(IEC 62040-2)
SANS 62040-2
(IEC 62040-2)

Sumber : https://www.sabs.co.za/emc/

Berikut ini adalah ringkasan singkat dari produsen PCB (Printed Circuit Board) yang beroperasi di Afrika Selatan

 

Standar Aksesoris Listrik

  • SANS 60044-7:1999 (Ed. 1.00) Instrument transformers Part 7: Electronic voltage transformers
  • SANS 60947-5-6:1999 (Ed. 1.00) Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear Part 5-6: Control circuit devices and switching elements - DC interface for proximity sensors and switching amplifiers (NAMUR)
  • SANS 61035-2-4:1995 (Ed. 1.00) Specification for conduit fittings for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specifications Section 4: Conduit fittings of aluminium alloy
  • SANS 60660:1999 (Ed. 1.00) Insulators - Tests on indoor post insulators of organic material for systems with nominal voltages greater than 1 000 V up to but not including 300 kV
  • SANS 61035-2-3:1993 (Ed. 1.00)Specification for conduit fittings for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specifications Section 3: Fittings for flexible conduits of metal, insulating or composite materials and for pliable conduits of metal or composite materials
  • SANS 61035-1:1990 (Ed. 1.00) Specification for conduit fittings for electrical installations Part 1: General requirements
  • SANS 61035-2-2:1993 (Ed. 1.00) Specification for conduit fittings for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specifications Section 2: Conduit fittings of insulating material
  • SANS 61035-2-1:1993 (Ed. 1.00) Specification for conduit fittings for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specifications Section 1: Metal conduit fittings
  • SANS 7931:1985 (Ed. 1.00) Insulation caps and bushes for resistance welding equipment
  • SANS 61195:1999 (Ed. 2.00) Double-capped fluorescent lamps - Safety specifications
  • NRS 002:2000 (Ed. 2.00) Graphical symbols for electrical diagrams
  • SANS 5829:1984 (Ed. 1.00) Resistance spot welding - Electrode adaptors, female taper 1:10
  • SANS 5830:1984 (Ed. 1.00) Resistance spot welding - Male electrode caps
  • SANS 5184:1979 (Ed. 1.00) Straight resistance spot welding electrodes
  • SANS 5821:1979 (Ed. 1.00) Resistance spot welding electrode caps
  • SANS 60598-2-19:1981 (Ed. 1.00) Luminaires Part 2: Particular requirements Section 19: Air-handling luminaires (safety requirements)
  • SANS 60598-2-18:1993 (Ed. 1.00) Luminaires Part 2: Particular requirements Section 18: Luminaires for swimming pools and similar applications
  • SANS 60598-2-17:1984 (Ed. 1.00) Luminaires Part 2: Particular requirements Section 17: Luminaires for stage lighting, television, film and photographic studios (outdoor and indoor)
  • SANS 60598-2-9:1987 (Ed. 1.00) Luminaires Part 2: Particular requirements Section 9: Photo and film luminaires (non-professional)
  • SANS 60598-2-7:1982 (Ed. 1.00) Luminaires Part 2: Particular requirements Section 7: Portable luminaires for garden use
  • SANS 60598-2-6:1994 (Ed. 1.00) Luminaires Part 2: Particular requirements Section 6: Luminaires with built-in transformers or convertors for filament lamps
  • SANS 60598-2-1:1979 (Ed. 1.00) Luminaires Part 2: Particular requirements Section 1: Fixed general purpose luminaires
  • SANS 60598-2-25:1994 (Ed. 1.00) Luminaires Part 2-25: Particular requirements - Luminaires for use in clinical areas of hospitals and health care buildings
  • SANS 60614-2-7:1995 (Ed. 1.00)Conduits for electrical installations - Specification Part 2: Particular specifications for conduits Section 7: Rigid non-threadable conduits of aluminium alloy
  • SANS 60614-2-6:1992 (Ed. 1.00) Specification for conduits for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specifications for conduits Section 6: Pliable conduits of metal or composite materials
  • SANS 60614-2-4:1985 (Ed. 1.00) Specification for conduits for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specifications for conduits Section 4: Pliable self-recovering conduits of insulating materials
  • SANS 60614-2-3:1990 (Ed. 1.00) Specification for conduits for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specifications for conduits Section 3: Pliable conduits of insulating material
  • SANS 60614-2-2:1980 (Ed. 1.00)Specification for conduits for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specification for conduits Section 2: Rigid plain conduits of insulating materials
  • SANS 60614-2-1:1982 (Ed. 1.00)Specification for conduits for electrical installations Part 2: Particular specifications for conduits Section 1: Metal conduits
  • SANS 61281-1:1999 (Ed. 1.00)Fibre optic communication subsystems Part 1: Generic specification
  • SANS 1020:2003 (Ed. 2.00)Power-operated dispensing devices for flammable liquid fuels
  • SANS 61243-5:1997 (Ed. 1.00)Live working - Voltage detectors Part 5: Voltage detecting systems (VDS)
  • SANS 60479-3:1998 (Ed. 1.00)Effects of current on human beings and livestock Part 3: Effects of currents passing through the body of livestock
  • NRS 009-8:2005 (Ed. 1.00)Electricity sales sytems Part 8: The management of secure modules
  • SANS 61378-1:1997 (Ed. 1.00)Convertor transformers Part 1: Transformers for industrial applications
  • SANS 60598-2-5:1998 (Ed. 1.00)Luminaires Part 2-5: Particular requirements – Floodlights
  • NRS 051:1999 (Ed. 1.00)Suspension and strain fittings for insulated neutral supporting conductors used in medium-voltage aerial bundled conductor systems
  • NRS 054:2002 (Ed. 1.00)Power transformers
  • SANS 61000-5-2:1997 (Ed. 1.00)Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 5: Installation and mitigation guidelines Section 2: Earthing and cabling
  • SANS 60906-3:1994 (Ed. 1.00)IEC system of plugs and socket-outlets for household and similar purposes Part 3: SELV plugs and socket-outlets, 16 A 6 V, 12 V, 24 V, 48 V, a.c and d.c
Link :https://store.sabs.co.za/manufacturing/metals-steel/electrical-accessories?id=55&p=4
 
Konsumen Elektronik di Afrika Selatan
Konsumen elektronik di Afrika Selatan sangat beragam dan umumnya mencakup perangkat yang mengandung papan sirkuit elektronik yang ditujukan untuk penggunaan sehari-hari oleh individu. Alat elektronik di Afrika Selatan dapat digolongkan menjadi 4 kategori:
Entertainment :
  • Televisions
  • DVD players
  • Audio – tuners, amplifiers, CD, MP3,IPod
  • Home theatre systems
  • Video games
  • Digital cameras
  • Camcorders
 Communication:
  • Mobile phones
  • Cordless telephones
  • PDAs
Office productivity:
  • Desktop and notebook computers
Other electrical/electronic household appliances
  • Refrigerators and freezers (household and commercial)
  • Dishwashing machines
  • Microwaves
  • Stoves
  • Kettles
  • Toasters
  • Vacuum cleaners
  • Blenders, mixers, juicers